Latissimus Flap: A section of skin, fat and muscle is lifted off the back from below the shoulder blade region. This tissue is then tunneled to the front of the chest to create the new breast. The patient is then turned onto her back to complete the shaping of the new breast. The LAT flap is also sometimes combined with implant reconstruction to achieve desired breast size. Thigh Flaps: Skin, fat and sometimes muscle from the thigh region can be used to reconstruct a breast after mastectomy. Tissue can be used from a variety of areas.
TUG/VUG flap: tissue from the inner upper thigh is used.
PAP flap: tissue from the upper posterior thigh below the buttock crease is used
LTP flap: tissue from the top outer thigh is used.
ALT flap: tissue from the front outer thigh is used Buttock Flaps: Skin and fat from the upper or lower buttock area can be used to reconstruct a breast. Depending on the location of the tissue, the procedure is referred to as iGAP (lower buttock region) or sGAP (upper buttock region).